Saturday, December 28, 2013

New Year 2014 പുതുവത്സരം Greetings Wishes Quotes Wallpaper SMS

The New Year 2014 falls on Wednesday and is approaching and people are busy with their plans to celebrate the advent of the day with their own unique ideas.  

New Year marks the beginning of a new Gregorian calendar year. Celebrated universally every year on January 1 in various innovative ways, the trend to observe this date as an important day in the calendar has spread globally.  

People around the world have been celebrating the start of each new year. Most New Year’s festivities begin on December 31, New Year’s Eve, the last day of the Gregorian calendar, and continue into the early hours of January 1, New Year’s Day. People are attending parties, eating special New Year’s foods, making resolutions for the new year and watching fireworks displays. People at midnight hold special events, entertaining activities and grand celebrations to welcome the New Year.
Photo Credit: Dinand

ഒരു വർഷത്തിന്റെ അവസാനവും മറ്റൊരു വർഷത്തിന്റെ തുടക്കവുമായി വരുന്ന ദിവസങ്ങളിൽ ചില സംസ്കാരവുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ടുകിടക്കുന്ന ആഘോഷമാണ്‌ പുതുവത്സരം. പല രാജ്യങ്ങളിലുമായുള്ള വ്യത്യസ്ത കലണ്ടർ സമയങ്ങളിലാണ് പുതുവത്സരം ആഘോഷിക്കുന്നത്. ഒരു പുതുവഝരത്തിൽ നിന്ന് അടുത്ത പുതുവഝരത്തിലേക്ക് മുന്നൂറ്റിയമ്പത്തിയാറേ കാൽ ദിവസം വരും.
New Year's Day is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar used in the Roman Empire since 45 BC. Romans originally dedicated New Year's Day to Janus, the god of gates, doors, and beginnings for whom the first month of the year (January) is named. Later, as a date in the Gregorian calendar of Christendom, New Year's Day liturgically marked the Feast of the Circumcision of Christ, and is still observed as such in the Anglican Church and Lutheran Church. In present day, with most countries now using the Gregorian calendar as their de facto calendar, New Year's Day is probably the world's most celebrated public holiday, often observed with fireworks at the stroke of midnight as the new year starts in each time zone.
ഇന്ന് ലോകവ്യാപകമായി ഉപയോഗിയ്ക്കുന്ന കലണ്ടർ സം‌വിധാനമാണ് ഗ്രിഗോറിയൻ കലണ്ടർ.യേശുക്രിസ്തു ജനിച്ച വർഷത്തെ അടിസ്ഥാനമാക്കിയാണ് ഇത് തയ്യാറാക്കിയിരിയ്ക്കുന്നത്. ഇന്ത്യാ ഗവേണ്മെന്റ് അംഗീകരിച്ച ശക കലണ്ടർ, മുസ്ലീം മതാനുയായികൾ അംഗീകരിച്ച ഹിജറ കലണ്ടർ, ചൈനീസ് കലണ്ടർ, തുടങ്ങി നിരവധി കലണ്ടറുകൾ ലോകമെമ്പാടുമായി പ്രചാരത്തിലുണ്ട്.
In many regions of the world, it is celebrated as a public holiday and the offices, institutions and commercial activities remain closed to observe Happy New Year. Sending New Year cards carrying beautiful quotes is relatively a modern practice which is much popular. People exchange New Year Greeting cards to send warm New Year wishes that are easily available both in stores. Many prefer to scour for innovative and lovely New Year gifts and cards to send warm New Year greetings to their family members and friends. Apart from sending sending cards and gfifts the event is also celebrated by arranging luscious feast that includes various delicious handmade items.

Malayalam New Year, Puthuvarsham, പുതുവത്സരം, is celebrated either on the 1st day of the month of Medam in mid-April which is known as Vishu or the 1st day of the month of Chingam,in the Malayalam Calendar in mid-August according to another reckoning. Unlike most other calendar systems in India, the New Year's Day on the Malayalam Calendar is not based on any astronomical event. It is just the first day of the first of the twelve months on the Malayalam Calendar. The Malayalam Calendar (called Kollavarsham) originated in 825 CE, based on general agreement among scholars, with the re-opening of the city of Kollam (on Malabar Coast), which had been destroyed by a natural disaster.
ചിങ്ങം മുതൽ കർക്കിടകം വരെ പന്ത്രണ്ട് മാസങ്ങളുള്ള ഒരു മലയാളം കലണ്ടർ കേരളത്തിൽ നിലവിലുണ്ട്. ചിങ്ങം, കന്നി, തുലാം, വൃശ്ചികം, ധനു, മകരം, കുംഭം, മീനം, മേടം, ഇടവം, മിഥുനം, കർക്കിടകം എന്നിവയാണു ഇതിലെ മാസങ്ങൾ. ഇതിനു കേരള സർക്കാറിന്റെ അംഗീകാരമുണ്ട്.

Most countries in Western Europe officially adopted January 1 as New Year's Day somewhat before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. In England, until the adoption of the Gregorian calendar in 1752, the first day of the new year was the Feast of the Annunciation on March 25, also called "Lady Day". The March 25 date was known as Annunciation Style; the January 1 date was known as Circumcision Style, because this was the date of the Feast of the Circumcision, considered to be the eighth day of Christ's life, counting from December 25 when his birth is celebrated. This day was christened as the beginning of the New Year by Pope Gregory as he designed the Liturgical Calendar.

New Year History 

The Romans dedicated New Year's Day to Janus, the god of gates, doors, and beginnings for whom the first month of the year (January) is also named. After Julius Caesar reformed the calendar in 46 BC and was subsequently murdered, the Roman Senate voted to deify him on the 1st January 42 BC in honor of his life and his institution of the new rationalized calendar. The month originally owes its name to the deity Janus, who had two faces, one looking forward and the other looking backward. This suggests that New Year's celebrations are founded on pagan traditions. Some have suggested this occurred in 153 BC, when it was stipulated that the two annual consuls (after whose names the years were identified) entered into office on that day, though no consensus exists on the matter. Dates in March, coinciding with the spring equinox, or commemorating the Annunciation of Jesus, along with a variety of Christian feast dates were used throughout the Middle Ages, though calendars often continued to display the months in columns running from January to December.
മാസങ്ങൾ ജനുവരി: റോമൻ സാഹിത്യത്തിലെ ആരംഭങ്ങളുടെ ദൈവമായ ജാനസ് ലാനുയാരിയസ് എന്ന ദേവന്റെ പേരാണ് ഗ്രിഗോറിയൻ കലണ്ടറിലെ ആദ്യമാസമായ ജനുവരിയ്ക്ക് നൽകിയിരിയ്ക്കുന്നത്.
1 January: The first day of the year in the Gregorian calendar used by most countries. Eight of the twelve biggest Eastern Orthodox Churches which have adopted the Revised Julian calendar – Bulgaria, Cyprus, Egypt, Greece, Romania, Syria, and Turkey – also celebrate 1 January as the New Year.
ഫെബ്രുവരി: ലാറ്റിൻ ഭാഷയിൽ ശുദ്ധീകരണംഎന്നർത്ഥം വരുന്ന ഫെബ്രും എന്ന വാക്കിൽ നിന്നാണ് ഈ പേര് നൽകിയിരിയ്ക്കുന്നത്.
മാർച്ച്: റോമാക്കാരുടെ യുദ്ധദേവനായിരുന്ന മാർസ്ഇൽ നിന്നാണ് ഈ പേര് വന്നത്.
ഏപ്രിൽ: തുറക്കുക എന്നർത്ഥം വരുന്ന aperire എന്ന ലാറ്റിൻ പദത്തിൽ നിന്നുമാണ് ഈ പേര് വന്നത്.വസന്തത്തിന്റെ തുടക്കമാണ് ഇവിടെ ഉദ്ദേശിച്ചിരിയ്ക്കുന്നത്.
മേയ്: ഗ്രീക്ക് ദേവതയായ മായിയയുടെ പേരാണ് ഈ മാസത്തിന് നൽകിയിരിയ്ക്കുന്നത്.
 ജൂൺ: ജൂപിറ്റർ ദേവന്റെ ഭാര്യയായി പുരാതന റോമക്കാർ കരുതിയിരുന്ന ജൂനോയിൽ നിന്നുമാണ് ജൂൺ എന്ന പേർ സ്വീകരിച്ചത്.
ജൂലൈ: ക്വിന്റിലസ്എന്ന് ആദ്യം പേർ നൽകി. ശേഷം ജൂലിയസ് സീസർ ജനിച്ചത് ഈ മാസത്തിലായതിനാൽ ജുലൈ എന്ന് പുനർനാമകരണം ചെയ്തു.
ഓഗസ്റ്റ്: പുരാതന റോമൻ കലണ്ടരിൽ ആറാമത്തെ മാസമായി കരുതിയിരുന്നതിനാൽ ആറാമത്എന്നർത്ഥം വരുന്ന സെക്റ്റിലിസ്എന്ന ലാറ്റിൻ വാക്കാണ് ആദ്യം ഉപയോഗിച്ചത്.പിന്നീട് അഗസ്റ്റസ് ചക്രവർത്തിയുടെ ബഹുമാനാർത്ഥം ഓഗസ്റ്റ് എന്ന പേര് നൽകി.

സെപ്റ്റംബർ: ലാറ്റിൻ ഭാഷയിൽ ഏഴ് എന്ന് അർത്ഥം വരുന്ന സെപ്റ്റംഎന്ന പദം ആണ് പേരിനടിസ്ഥാനം.
ഒക്ടോബർ: ലാറ്റിൻ ഭാഷയിൽ എട്ട് എന്നർത്ഥം വരുന്ന ഒക്റ്റോ എന്ന പദമാണ് പേരിനടിസ്ഥാനം
നവംബർ: ഒൻപത് എന്നർത്ഥം വരുന്ന നോവംഎന്ന ലാറ്റിൻ പദത്തിൽ നിന്നുമാണ് ഈ പേര് സ്വീകരിച്ചത്.
ഡിസംബർ:ലാറ്റിൻ ഭാഷയിൽ പത്ത് എന്നർത്ഥം വരുന്ന ഡിസം‌ബർ റോമൻ കലണ്ടറിൽ പത്താമത്തെ മാസമായിരുന്നു.
Among the 7th century pagans of Flanders and the Netherlands, it was the custom to exchange gifts at the New Year. This was a pagan custom deplored by Saint Eligius (died 659 or 660), who warned the Flemings and Dutchmen, "(Do not) make vetulas, [little figures of the Old Woman], little deer or iotticos or set tables [for the house-elf, compare Puck] at night or exchange New Year gifts or supply superfluous drinks [another Yule custom]." The quote is from the vita of Eligius written by his companion, Ouen.

New Year's Traditions 

In many countries, New Year’s celebrations begin on the evening of December 31 New Year’s Eve and continue into the early hours of January 1. Revelers often enjoy meals and snacks thought to bestow good luck for the coming year. In Spain and several other Spanish-speaking countries, people bolt down a dozen grapes-symbolizing their hopes for the months ahead-right before midnight. In many parts of the world, traditional New Year’s dishes feature legumes, which are thought to resemble coins and herald future financial success; examples include lentils in Italy and black-eyed peas in the southern United States. Because pigs represent progress and prosperity in some cultures, pork appears on the New Year’s Eve table in Cuba, Austria, Hungary, Portugal and other countries. Ring-shaped cakes and pastries, a sign that the year has come full circle, round out the feast in the Netherlands, Mexico, Greece and elsewhere. In Sweden and Norway, meanwhile, rice pudding with an almond hidden inside is served on New Year’s Eve; it is said that whoever finds the nut can expect 12 months of good fortune.
Other customs that are common worldwide include watching fireworks and singing songs to welcome the new year, including the ever-popular "Auld Lang Syne" in many English-speaking countries. The practice of making resolutions for the new year is thought to have first caught on among the ancient Babylonians, who made promises in order to earn the favor of the gods and start the year off on the right foot. (They would reportedly vow to pay off debts and return borrowed farm equipment.)

In the United States, the most iconic New Year’s tradition is the dropping of a giant ball in New York City's Times Square at the stroke of midnight. Millions of people around the world watch the event, which has taken place almost every year since 1907. Over time, the ball itself has ballooned from a 700-pound iron-and-wood orb to a brightly patterned sphere 12 feet in diameter and weighing in at nearly 12,000 pounds. Various towns and cities across America have developed their own versions of the Times Square ritual, organizing public drops of items ranging from pickles (Dillsburg, Pennsylvania) to possums (Tallapoosa, Georgia) at midnight on New Year’s Eve. 

New Year Eve January 1 represents the fresh start of a new year after a period of remembrance of the passing year, including on radio, television and in newspapers, which starts in early December in countries around the world. Publications have year-end articles that review the changes during the previous year. In some cases publications may set their entire year work alight in hope that the smoke emitted from the flame brings new life to the company. There are also articles on planned or expected changes in the coming year.

This day is traditionally a religious feast, but since the 1900s has also become an occasion to celebrate the night of December 31, called New Year's Eve. There are fireworks at midnight at the moment the new year arrives (the major one is of Sydney, New South Wales; watchnight services are also still observed by many.

Early New Year's Celebrations

The earliest recorded festivities in honor of a new year’s arrival date back some 4,000 years to ancient Babylon. For the Babylonians, the first new moon following the vernal equinox the day in late March with an equal amount of sunlight and darkness heralded the start of a new year. They marked the occasion with a massive religious festival called Akitu (derived from the Sumerian word for barley, which was cut in the spring) that involved a different ritual on each of its 11 days. In addition to the new year, Atiku celebrated the mythical victory of the Babylonian sky god Marduk over the evil sea goddess Tiamat and served an important political purpose: It was during this time that a new king was crowned or that the current ruler’s divine mandate was symbolically renewed.
Throughout antiquity, civilizations around the world developed increasingly sophisticated calendars, typically pinning the first day of the year to an agricultural or astronomical event. In Egypt, for instance, the year began with the annual flooding of the Nile, which coincided with the rising of the star Sirius. The first day of the Chinese new year, meanwhile, occurred with the second new moon after the winter solstice.

People born on New Year's Day are commonly called New Year babies. Hospitals, such as the Dyersburg Regional Medical Center in the U.S., give out prizes to the first baby born in that hospital in the new year. These prizes are often donated by local businesses. Prizes may include various baby related items such as baby formula, baby blankets, diapers, and gift certificates to stores which specialize in baby related merchandise.

New Year Wishes Quotes SMS

12 Months happiness, 52 weeks fun, 365 Days laughter, 8760 hrs good luck, 525600 Minutes joy, 31536000 seconds success, So wishing u a Happy New Year.

As 2013 leaves, My Pray To God Only For You. may it take away with it all ur sorrows & all worries. And As 2014 arrives, may it bring with you unadulterated.. happiness & prosperity.

May the New Year bring you courage to break your resolutions early! My own plan is to swear off every kind of virtue, so that I triumph even when I fall!

“Hope Smiles from the threshold of the year to come,
Whispering 'it will be happier'...”
― Alfred Tennyson

“For last year's words belong to last year's language
And next year's words await another voice.”
― T.S. Eliot, Four Quartets

“The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams.” – Eleanor Roosevelt

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